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They were in such bad shape - soggy and stuck together, and covered with mold - that they had to be frozen immediately despite the war situation, said Doris Hamburg, who directed the preservation effort. State Department says it has trained Iraqi archivists to make sure the collection is protected in Baghdad. S., though, backed by major Jewish organizations, say the U. government had no right to promise to return the archive.
“They were able, believe it or not, to find a freezer truck in these very difficult circumstances in Baghdad,” she said. S.-Iraqi agreement to bring the items to the United States for restoration, they are scheduled to be shipped back to Iraq after the process is completed this year. Iraq's ambassador offered in an interview with the to delay the return of the artifacts. He argued that Iraqi-Jewish expatriates were never consulted about the agreement, and maintains the items still belong to them.
This progress includes making possible the return of internally-displaced persons and refugees to areas liberated from ISIS; protecting communities who fled ISIS from potential risks; restoring access to land and infrastructure; and developing Iraqi capacity to manage weapons abatement programs independently over the long term.
The Landmine/Unexploded Ordnance Challenge The activities of ISIS in Iraq have dramatically altered the Conventional Weapons Destruction (CWD) landscape.
As civilians flee large population centers like Mosul, displaced families live in areas where they are not familiar with the local mine and UXO hazards.
The use of mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) by ISIS has compounded this problem.For a few hours, the city of Erbil was in a state of panic. Fuad Hussein, chief of staff to Kurdish President Masoud Barzani, welcomed the UN resolution condemning ISIS, and praised coalition forces for their technical and humanitarian assistance. “We used to say Kurds don't have any friends but the mountains. That said, many Kurds still carry lingering worries that the U. I feel like I’ve had many Kurds quote Churchill to me in the past week: ‘Americans can always be counted on to do the right thing…Word came that Gwar, just 30 minutes from the Kurdish capital, had been taken by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), and Kurds and ex-pats alike were packing up, trying to book airline tickets or, in a worse case scenario, preparing to drive to Turkey. after they have exhausted all other possibilities.’”Finally, it seems, the U. has exhausted all other possibilities in Iraq and all that’s left is to rely upon the Kurds. Nearly a hundred years ago, the Kurdish rebel leader Sheikh Mahmoud Barzanji carried around in his pocket a copy of Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points, so inspired was he by American self-determination.Two years after Wilson delivered that speech, the Allies agreed to an independent Kurdistan in the 1920 Treaty of Sevres.But by 1923, in the Treaty of Lausanne that recognized Kemal Attaturk’s Turkey, the international community abandoned the Kurds and the referendum promised in the Treaty of Sevres was never realized. After several thwarted attempts to break away from Iraq, the Kurds finally got their first indirect aid from the U. in the early 1970s, more thanks to the Shah of Iran than anything else.
Already, communities across Iraq faced danger from an estimated 10 to 15 million landmines and pieces of UXO from conflicts dating back to the 1940s.